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Guide for Authors

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Table of Contents

I. General Information

The Journal of Acute Care Surgery (J Acute Care Surg), is the official publication of the Korean Society of Acute Care Surgery, and is an international, peer-reviewed, open access journal, that is published twice a year. This journal aims to provide a platform for modern, cutting-edge research at the forefront of evolving developments in acute care surgery in the Asia-Pacific area, with three essential components; trauma, critical care, and emergency surgery.

The emphasis for articles in this journal is placed on promoting the advancement and optimization of patient care through discussion and clarification of relevant acute care surgery issues. This includes the outcomes of existing practices, and the application of new procedures, or novel treatment concepts of acute care surgery, and the challenges they present in the progression of improving patient clinical outcomes.

The content of the J Acute Care Surg includes original clinical and basic research articles, review articles, case reports, and brief reports, that may challenge traditional practice and educate the advancement of change in clinical practice for surgeons, physicians and allied healthcare professionals alike, that are involved in acute care surgery.

We welcome research from both developed and developing countries to contribute to the advancement of acute care surgery (trauma, non-traumatic emergency surgery, and surgical critical care), with a focus on the Asia-Pacific region, and invites the submission of high quality, manuscripts in the following topics:

  • -   Surgical treatment and clinical outcome
  • -   Perioperative patient care and rehabilitation
  • -   System organization for trauma and acute care surgery
  • -   Surgical infections
  • -   Nutrition
  • -   Wound care techniques
  • -   Military and major incident surgery
  • -   Scientific laboratory research
  • -   Surgical ethics

Acute Care Surgery is a blinded peer-reviewed (according to international standards) journal where each article submitted will be evaluated by two or more referees and a biostatistical consultant.

II. Online Submission of Manuscripts

Please submit manuscripts, figures, copyright transfer and conflict of interest disclosure form (Journal Publishing Agreement) via online at http://www.jacs.or.kr/submission/Login.html(Journal of Acute Care Surgery online submission system) to follow the guideline. The entire process of manuscript submission, peer-review, and resubmission to Journal of Acute Care Surgery is done through online system (http://www.jacs.or.kr/submission/Login.html).

Any inquiry concerning manuscript submission should be directed to editorial Office: ksacs@naver.com

  • Journal of Acute Care Surgery
  • 7th Floor, East-Gwan, Asan Medical Center, 88, Olympic-Ro 43-Gil, Songpa-Gu, Seoul 05505, Korea
  • Ms. Dan Bee Lee
  • Tel: +82-2-3010-6245
  • Fax: +82-50-7993-9018
  • E-mail: ksacs@naver.com

III. Manuscript Preparation

1. General Requirements

All manuscripts must be in grammatically correct English and should be created using MS Word. Manuscripts must be typed in English, double-spaced and 10 or 12-point type, and all pages must be numbered consecutively. Only a single font (preferably Times New Roman) should be used in 11 point.

2. Types of Articles

Journal of Acute Care Surgery publish original research articles, review articles, case reports, and brief reports.


Editorials provide invited perspective on an area of Journal of Acute Care Surgery, dealing with very active fields of research, current interests, fresh insights and debates. An abstract is not required and a brief unstructured text should be prepared. Although editorials are normally invited or written by an Editor, unsolicited editorials may be submitted.

Typical length: 1,000 words, 20 references.

Original Articles

Original articles are papers containing results of basic and clinical investigations, which are sufficiently well documented to be acceptable to critical readers. The content should be helpful for the diagnosis and treatment of emergency, trauma surgery or surgical critical care.

Section headings should be written in the following format: title page; abstract and keywords; introduction; materials and methods; results; discussion; conclusion (if any); acknowledgments; references; and tables and figures.

Typical length: Up to 5,000 words excluding Abstract, References, and Figure/Table Legends.

Review Articles

Review articles provide concise reviews of subjects important to medical researchers, and can be written by an invited medical expert. These have the same format as the original articles but the details may be more flexible depending on the contents.

Typical length: One paragraph with maximum of 200 words for the abstract; maximum of 6,500 words from introduction to conclusion; maximum of 100 references, 10 figures and 10 tables.

Case Reports

These are clinical cases that are rarely reported or make a significant contribution to diagnosis and treatment.

Typical length: One paragraph with maximum of 150 words for the abstract; maximum of 1,500 words from introduction to conclusion; maximum of 20 references, 6 figures and 5 tables.

Short Communications

Short communications are short original research articles on issue important to JACS researches.

Typical length: One paragraph with maximum of 3,000 words from introduction to; maximum of 20 references.

3. Manuscript Format

Cover Letter

The title page should include the following information.

  • 1) Category of article
  • 2) The title of the article
  • 3) Name of the authors
  • 4) Institutional affiliation including name of department(s) and institution(s) of each author, full address of the institutional affiliation, telephone and fax numbers, and email address of the corresponding author
  • 5) A running title not exceeding 60 characters.
  • 6) Abstract
  • 7) Information on financial support, including the source(s) of the grant.
Main Text

The main text file should be presented in the following order.

1) The title of article

2) Abstract

An abstract should be concise and not exceed 250 words. Abstracts for Original Articles should be structured, with the section headings: Purpose, Methods, Results, Conclusion.

Unstructured abstracts are allowed for review article, case report and other types of articles

3) Keywords

3-6 relevant keywords are required. Keywords should be selected from main headings listed in the Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) in Index Medicus published by the U.S. National Library of Medicine (www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/MBrowser.html). if suitable MeSH terms are not yet available, current terms may be used.

4) Main Text Section

The main text of the manuscripts should have sections for the Introduction, Material and Methods, Results, and Discussion.

(1) Introduction

State the objectives of the work and provide an adequate background, avoiding a detailed literature survey or a summary of the results.

(2) Materials and methods

Provide sufficient detail to allow the work to be reproduced. Methods already published should be indicated by a reference: only relevant modifications should be described.

Ensure correct use of the terms sex (when reporting biological factors) and gender (identity, psychosocial or cultural factors). Unless inappropriate, report the sex and/or gender of study participants, the sex of animals or cells, and describe the methods used to determine sex or gender. If the study involved an exclusive population (only one sex, for example), authors should justify why, except in obvious cases (e.g., prostate cancer). Authors should define how they determined race or ethnicity, and justify their relevance.

(3) Results

Results should be clear and concise.

(4) Discussion

This should explore the significance of the results of the work, not repeat them. A combined Results and Discussion section is often appropriate. Avoid extensive citations and discussion of published literature.

(5) Conclusion

The main conclusions of the study may be presented in a short Conclusion section, which may stand alone or form a subsection of a Discussion or Results and Discussion section.

Conflicts of interest and Acknowledgments paragraphs may be included following conclusion.

(6) Conflicts of Interest

Any potential conflict of interest that could influence the authors’ interpretation of the data, such as financial support from or connections to companies, political pressure from interest groups, or academically related issues, must be stated.

Conflict of interest statements will be published at the end of the text of the article, before the ‘References’ section. Please consult the COPE guidelines (http://www.publicationethics.org/) on conflict of interest. Even when there is no conflict of interest, it should also be stated. When the manuscript is accepted for publication Journal of Acute Care Surgery will decide whether the disclosure will be communicated in the published paper (after consulting with the corresponding author).

(7) Acknowledgment If any

All contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship as defined above should be listed in an acknowledgment section. Examples of those who might be acknowledged include a person who provided purely technical help, writing assistance, or a department chair who provided only general support. Authors should disclose whether they had any writing assistance and identify the entity that paid for this assistance.

(8) Appendices

If there is more than one appendix, they should be identified as A, B, etc.

(9) References

All references in the text should be cited in English. In text, tables, and legends, identify references with Arabic numerals in square brackets, such as [1], [2]. Authors’ last names should be cited in English.

The reference number should be cited in the main text in squared brackets in the order they appear in the text ('style of NLM (the National Library of Medicine, https://www.nlm.nih.gov/bsd/uniform_requirements.html'), e.g., [1].

The journal title should be abbreviated according to the NLM Catalog: Journals referenced in the NCBI Databases (http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/journals).

In the main text, tables and figure legends

  • • References should be identified non-superscript and Arabic numerals in squared brackets, in the order they appear in the text(NML style), and be placed before punctuation.
  • • The last names and initials of all the authors up to 6 should be included. For articles with more than 6 authors, list the first 6 authors only followed by "et al". • References cited in tables or figure legends should be included in sequence at the point where the table or figure is first mentioned in the main text.
  • • Do not cite abstracts unless they are the only available reference to an important concept.
  • • Uncompleted work or work that has not yet been accepted for publication (i.e., "unpublished observation", "personal communication") should not be cited as references.

In the references list

  • • References should be limited to those cited in the text and listed in the order in which they appear in the text.
  • • References should include, in order, authors' surnames and initials, article title, abbreviated journal name, year, volume and inclusive page numbers. The last names and initials of all author names should be included. Abbreviations for journal names should conform to those used in MEDLINE.
  • • If citing a website, provide the author information, article title, website address and the date you accessed the information.
  • • Reference to an article that is in press must state the journal name and, if possible, the year and volume.
  • • Use of DOI is highly encouraged. Note that missing data will be highlighted at proof stage for the author to correct.
  • • Those not shown in the below examples should be cited according to 'Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals' and 'style of NLM (the National Library of Medicine, http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK7256/)'.


Journal Articles
Author(s) – Family name and initials. Title of article. Title of journal – abbreviated Publication year, month, day (month & day only if available); volume:pages.

[1] Kim YH, Cho HR, Ko BK, Nah YW, Nam CW, Park SJ, etal. Prevalence of infection and appropriate antibiotic treatment in brain-dead organ donors. J Acute Care Surg 2015;5:15-8.

[2] Nilsson H, Stranne J, Stattin P, Nordin P. Incidence of groin hernia repair after radical prostatectomy: a population-based nationwide study. Ann Surg 2013 Jun 6 [Epub]. http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/SLA.0b013e3182975c88.

Author(s) – Family name and initials, Multiple authors separated by a comma. Title of book. Edition of book if later than 1st ed. Place of Publication: Publisher Name; Year of Publication. Pages.
[1] Townsend CM Jr, Beauchamp RD, Evers BM, Mattox KL. Sabiston textbook of surgery: the biological basis of modern surgical practice. 19th ed. Philadelphia: Elsevier Saunders; 2012.

[2] Neumayer L, Vargo D. Principles of preoperative and operative surgery. In: Townsend CM Jr, Beauchamp RD, Evers BM, Mattox KL. Sabiston textbook of surgery: the biological basis of modern surgical practice. 19th ed. Philadelphia: Elsevier Saunders; 2012. p.211-39.

Author(s). Title of report. Place of publication: Publisher; Date of publication – year month if applicable. Report No.: (if applicable). Total number of pages if applicable eg. 24 p.
[1] Page E, Harney JM. Health hazard evaluation report. Cincinnati (OH): National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (US); 2001. Report No.: HETA2000-0139-2824. 24 p.

Web Sites
Author(s). Title of publication [type of medium – Internet]. Place of publication (if available): Publisher (if available). Date of publication – year month day (supply year if month and day not available) [updated year month day; cited year month day]. Available from: web address.

[1] PeriStats [Internet]. White Plains (NY): March of Dimes Perinatal Data Center. 2007 [cited 2007 Feb 1]. Available from: http://www.marchofdimes.com/peristats/.

[2] WHO[Internet]. Essential surgical care manual: Resuscitation and anesthesia, important medical conditions for the anesthetist. [cited 2015 Mar 30].Available from: http://www.steinergraphics.com/surgical/005_13.8.

4. General Style Points

The following points provide general advice on formatting and style.


Tables are to be numbered in the order in which they are cited in the text. A table title should concisely describe the content of the table so that the reader can understand the table without referring to the text. Each table must be simple and typed on a separate page with its heading above it. All units of measurements and concentrations must be indicated. Footnotes should be indicated with superscript symbols in the following sequence; *; †; ‡; §; ||, ¶; **; ††; ‡‡.


Figures contain graphs, line drawings, photographs or video files etc. Each figure should be supplied as a single file. The images must not be interfered and must be clearly seen. The legend for each light microscopic image should include name of the stain and magnification. For figures with multiple panels, use a uppercase letter after the numeral to indicate the order of the panels, e.g., Fig. 1A, Fig. 1B. Label each illustration with the figure number. Indicate the scale of size for photomicrographs. Include brief, but comprehensive, footnotes. The contrast of figure files should be at least 500 dpi (dots per inch) or 5 million pixels. Refer to the Guidelines for Digital Art (http://art.cadmus.com/da/guidelines.jsp). Written permission should be obtained for the use of all published illustrations and copies of permission letters should be included.
Journal of Acute Care Surgery will not take responsibility for the quality of the images that appear in the journal.


Any abbreviation must be used consistently and must be defined at the first use. Commonly used abbreviations would be described in article without explanation.

Gene Nomenclature

Current standard international nomenclature for genes should be adhered to. Genes should be typed in italic font and include the accession number. For human genes, use genetic notation and symbols approved by the HUGO Gene Nomenclature Committee (http://www.genenames.org/) or refer to PubMed (http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/sites/entrez).


Système International (SI) units must be used, with the exception of blood pressure values which are to be reported in mmHg. Please use the metric system for the expression of length, area, mass, and volume. There should be a space between the numerals and the unit symbol. When indicating time, the 24 hour system is to be used.

IV. Publication Process After Acceptance

If an article is accepted for publication, the corresponding author will receive the proof and typeset for the publication.

Please note that the author is responsible for all statements made in their work, including changes made during the editorial process – authors should check proofs carefully. Journal of Acute Care Surgery recommends authors to keep the corrections to a minimum.

Note that proofs should be returned within 48 hours from receipt of first proof.

Articles and Issues
For Authors
Editorial and Ethical Policies
Submit Manuscript
Editorial Office
7th Floor, East-Gwan, Asan Medical Center, 88, Olympic-Ro 43-Gil, Songpa-Gu, Seoul 05505, Korea
Tel: +82-2-3010-6245    Fax: +82-50-7993-9018    E-mail: ksacs@naver.com                

Copyright © 2019 by Korean Society of Acute Care Surgery. All rights reserved.

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